Publications

Journal Papers

    2018

  • Qian, Y., Wan, H., Yang, B., Golaz, J.‐C., Harrop, B., Hou, Z., et al (2018). Parametric sensitivity and uncertainty quantification in the version 1 of E3SM Atmosphere Model based on short Perturbed Parameters Ensemble simulations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 123,, doi: 10.1029/2018JD028927>.
  • Morcrette, C. J. and coauthors, 2018: Introduction to CAUSES: Description of Weather and Climate Models and Their Near‐Surface Temperature Errors in 5 day Hindcasts Near the Southern Great Plains. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres,123, 2655–2683, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027199.
  • Ma, H.-Y. and coauthors, 2018: CAUSES: On the Role of Surface Energy Budget Errors to the Warm Surface Air Temperature Error Over the Central United States. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres,123, 2968–2992, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027194.
  • Van Weverberg, K. and coauthors, 2018: CAUSES: Attribution of Surface Radiation Biases in NWP and Climate Models near the U.S. Southern Great Plains. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres,123, 3612–3644, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027188.
  • Zhang, C. and coauthors, 2018: CAUSES: Diagnosis of the Summertime Warm Bias in CMIP5 Climate Models at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres,123, 2968–2992, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027200.
  • Qin, Y., Y. Lin, S. Xu, H.-Y. Ma, and S. Xie, 2018: A diagnostic PDF cloud scheme to improve subtropical low clouds in NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5). J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.,10, 320–341, doi: 10.1002/2017MS001095.
  • 2017

  • T. J. Phillips, S. A. Klein, H.-Y. Ma, Q. Tang, S. Xie, I. N. Williams, J. A. Santanello, D. R. Cook, and M. S. Torn, 2017: Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Climate Model Simulations of Land-Atmosphere Coupling on the U.S. Southern Great Plains. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres,122, 11524–11548, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027141.
  • Terai, C. R., P. M. Caldwell, S. A. Klein, Q. Tang, and M. L. Branstetter, 2017: The atmospheric hydrologic cycle in the ACME v0.3 model. Clim. Dyn.,50, 3251–3279, doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3803-x.
  • Zhang, Y., S. Xie, S. A. Klein, R. Marchand, P. Kollias, E. E. Clothiaux, W. Lin, K. Johnson, D. Swales, A. Bodas-Salcedo, S. Tang, J. Haynes, S. Collis, M. Jensen, N. Bharadwaj, J. Hardin, and B. Isom, 2017: The ARM cloud radar simulator for global climate models: A new tool for bridging field data and climate models. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc.,99,21-26 , doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0258.1.
  • Zheng, X., S. A. Klein, H.-Y. Ma, P. M. Caldwell, V. E. Larson, A. Gettelman, and P. Bogenschutz, 2017: A cloudy planetary boundary layer oscillation arising from the coupling of turbulence with precipitation in climate simulations. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 9, 1973–1993, doi: 10.1002/2017MS000993.
  • 2016

  • Randall, D. A., A. D. Del Genio, L. J. Donner, W. D. Collins, and S. A. Klein, 2016: The impact of ARM on climate modeling. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program: The First 20 Years, Meteor. Monogr., 57, 26.1–26.16, doi: 10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0050.1.
  • Zheng, X., S. A. Klein, H.-Y. Ma, P. Bogenschutz, A. Gettelman and V. E. Larson, 2016: Assessment of marine boundary layer cloud simulations in the Community Atmosphere Model with Cloud Layers Unified By Binormals and updated microphysics scheme based on ARM observations from the Azores. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 121, 8472–8492, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025274.
  • 2015

  • Boyle, J. S., S. A. Klein, D. D. Lucas, H.-Y. Ma, J. Tannahill, and S. Xie, 2015: The parametric sensitivity of CAM5’s MJO. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 120, 1424-1444, doi: 10.1002/2014JD022507.
  • Chandra, A. S., C. Zhang, S. A. Klein, and H.-Y. Ma, 2015: Low clouds over the Tropical Western Pacific in ARM observations and CAM5 simulations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 120, 8953-8970, doi: 10.1002/2015JD023369.
  • Ma, H.-Y., C. C. Chuang, S. A. Klein, M.-H. Lo, Y. Zhang, S. Xie, X. Zheng, P.-L. Ma, Y. Zhang, and T. J. Phillips, 2015: An improved hindcast approach for evaluation and diagnosis of physical processes in global climate models. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 7, 1810-1827, doi: 10.1002/2015MS000490.
  • Van Weverberg, K., C. J. Morcrette, H.-Y. Ma, S. A. Klein, and J. C. Petch, 2015: Using regime analysis to identify the contribution of clouds to surface temperature errors in weather and climate models. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 141, 3190-3206, doi: 10.1002/qj.2603.
  • 2014

  • Barton, N. P., S. A. Klein, and J. S. Boyle, 2014: On the contribution of longwave radiation to global climate model biases in Arctic lower tropospheric stability. J. Clim., 27, 7250-7269, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00126.1.
  • de Boer, G., O. Persson, M. D. Shupe, P. M. Caldwell, S. E. Bauer, J. S. Boyle, S. A. Klein and M. Tjernstrom, 2014: Near-surface meteorology during ASCOS: Evaluataion of representation in Re-analyses and GCMs. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14, 427-445, doi:10.5194/acp-14-427-2014.
  • Ma, H.-Y., S. Xie, S. A. Klein, K. D. Williams, J. S. Boyle, S. Bony, H. Douville, S. Fermepin, B. Medeiros, S. Tyteca, M. Watanabe, and D. Williamson, 2014: On the correspondence between mean forecast errors and climate errors in CMIP5 models. J. Clim., 27, 1781-1798, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00474.1.
  • Phillips, T.J., and S.A. Klein, 2014: Land-atmosphere coupling manifested in warm-season observations on the U.S. Southern Great Plains. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 509-528, doi: 10.1002/2013JD020492.
  • 2013

  • Lin, Y., M. Zhao, Y. Ming, J-C. Golaz, L. J. Donner, S. A. Klein, V. Ramaswamy, and S. Xie, 2013: Precipitation partitioning, tropical clouds and intraseasonal variability in GFDL AM2. J. Clim., 26, 5453-5466, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00442.1.
  • Ma, H.-Y., S. Xie, J. S. Boyle, S. A. Klein, and Y. Zhang, 2013: Metrics and diagnostics for precipitation-related processes in climate model short-range hindcasts. J. Clim., 26, 1516-1534, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00235.1.
  • Williams, K. D., A. Bodas-Salcedo, M. Deque, S. Fermepin, B. Medeiros, M. Watanabe, C. Jakob, S. A. Klein, C. A. Senior, and D. L. Williamson, 2013: The Transpose-AMIP II experiment and its application to the understanding of Southern Ocean cloud biases in climate models. J. Clim., 26, 3258-3274, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00429.1.
  • 2012

  • Barton, N. P., S. A. Klein, J. S. Boyle, and Y. Zhang, 2012: Arctic synoptic regimes: Comparing domain-wide Arctic cloud observations with CAM4 and CAM4 during similar dynamics. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D15205, doi:10.1029/2012JD017589.
  • Chuang, C. C., J. Kelly, J. Boyle, and S. Xie, 2012: Sensitivity of aerosol indirect effects to cloud nucleation and autoconversion parameterizations in short-range weather forecasts over the Southern Great Plains during May 2003 IOP. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 4, M09001, doi:10.1029/2012MS000161.
  • Lin, Y., L. J. Donner, J. Petch, P. Bechtold, J. Boyle, S. A. Klein, T. Komori, K. Wapler, M. Willett, X. Xie, M. Zhao, S. Xie, S. A. MaFarlane, C. Schumacher, 2012: TWP-ICE global atmospheric model intercomparison: Convection responsiveness and resolution impact. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D09111, doi: 10.1029/2011JD017018.
  • Medeiros, B., D. L. Williamson, C. Hannay, J. G. Olson, 2012: Southeast Pacific Stratocumulus in the Community Atmosphere Model. J. Clim., 25, 6175-6192. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00503.1.
  • Xie, S., H.-Y. Ma, J. S. Boyle, S. A. Klein, and Y. Zhang, 2012: On the correspondence between short- and long-time-scale systematic errors in CAM4/CAM5 for the Year of Tropical Convection. J. Clim., 25, 7937-7955, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00134.1.
  • Zhang, Y., S. Xie, C. Covey, D. D. Lucas, P. Gleckler, S. Klein, J. Tannahill, C. Doutriaux, and R. Klein, 2012: Regional assessment of the parameter-dependent performance of CAM4 in simulating tropical clouds. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L14708, doi: 10.1029/2012GL052184.
  • Zhao, C., S. A. Klein, S. Xie, X. Liu, J. S. Boyle, and Y. Zhang, 2012: Aerosol first indirect effects on non-precipitating low-level liquid cloud properties as simulated by CAM5 at ARM sites. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L08806, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051213.
  • 2011

  • Liu, X., S. Xie, J. Boyle, S. A. Klein, X. Shi, Z. Wang, W. Lin, S. J. Ghan, M. Earle, P. S. K. Liu, and A. Zelenyuk1, 2011: Testing Cloud Microphysics Parameterizations in NCAR CAM5 with ISD AC and M-PACE Observations. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00T11, doi: 10.1029/2011JD015889.
  • 2010

  • Boyle, J., and S. A. Klein, 2010: Impact of horizontal resolution on climate model forecasts of tropical convection and diabatic heating for the TWP-ICE period. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D23113, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014262.
  • Gettelman, A., X. Liu, S. J. Ghan, H. Morrison, S. Park, A. J. Conley, S. A. Klein, J. Boyle, D. L. Mitchell, and J.-L. F. Li, 2010: Global simulations of ice nucleation and ice supersaturation with an improved cloud scheme in the Community Atmosphere Model. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D18216, doi: 10.1029/2009JD013797.
  • Wyant, M. C., R. Wood, C. S. Bretherton, C. R. Mechoso, J. Bacmeister, M. A. Balmaseda, B. Barrett, F. Codron, P. Earnshaw, J. Fast, C. Hannay, J. W. Kaiser, H. Kitagawa, S. A. Klein, M. Kohler, J. Manganello, H.-L. Pan, F. Sun, S. Wang, and Y. Wang, 2010: The PreVOCA experiment: modeling the lower troposphere in the Southeast Pacific Wyant. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4757-4774, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-4757-2010.
  • Zhang, Y., S. A. Klein, J. Boyle, and G. G. Mace, 2010: Evaluation of tropical cloud and precipitation simulations of CAM3 using CloudSat and CALIPSO data. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D12205, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012006.
  • 2009

  • Hannay, C., D. L. Williamson, J. J. Hack, J. T. Kiehl, J. Olson, S. A. Klein, C. S. Bretherton, and M. Köhler, 2009: Evaluation of forecasted southeast Pacific stratocumulus in the NCAR, GFDL and ECMWF models. J. Clim., 22, 2871-2889. doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2479.1.
  • Wang, W., X. Liu, S. Xie, J. Boyle, and S. McFarlane, 2009: Testing ice microphysics parameterizations in NCAR CAM3 using TWP-ICE data. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D14107, doi: 10.1029/2008JD011220.
  • 2008

  • Boyle, J., S. A. Klein, G. Zhang, S. Xie, and X. Wei, 2008: Climate model forecast experiments for TOGA-COARE. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 808-832, doi: 10.1175/2007MWR2145.1.
  • Willett, M. R., P. Bechtold, D. L. Williamson, J. C. Petch, S. F. Milton and S. J. Woolnough, 2008: Modelling suppressed and active convection: Comparisons between three global atmospheric models. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 134, 1881-1896, doi: 10.1002/qj.317.
  • Xie, S., J. Boyle, S. A. Klein, X. Liu, and S. Ghan, 2008: Simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds in forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D04211, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009225.
  • 2007

  • Willliamson, D. L. and J. G. Olson, 2007: A comparison of forecast errors in CAM2 and CAM3 at the ARM Southern Great Plains site. J. Clim., 20, 4572-4585, 10.1175/JCLI4267.1.
  • 2006

  • Klein, S. A., X. Jiang, J. Boyle, S. Malyshev, and S. Xie, 2006: Diagnosis of the summertime warm and dry bias over the U.S. Gouthern Great Plains in the GFDL climate model using a weather forecasting approach. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L18805, doi: 10.1029/2006GL027567.
  • 2005

  • Boyle, J. S., D. Williamson, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, J. Olson, T. Phillips, G. Potter, and S. Xie, 2005: Diagnosis of Community Atmospheric Model 2 (CAM2) in numerical weather forecast configuration at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement sites. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15516, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005042.
  • Williamson, D. L., J. Boyle, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, J. Olson, T. Phillips, G. Potter, and S. C. Xie, 2005: Moisture and temperature balances at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains Site in forecasts with the Community Atmospheric Model 2 (CAM2). J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15516, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005109.
  • 2004

  • Phillips, T. J., G. L. Potter, D. L. Williamson, R. T. Cederwall, J. S. Boyle, M. Fiorino, J. J. Hnilo, J. G. Olson, S. Xie, and J. J. Yio, 2004: Evaluating parameterizations in general circulation models: Climate simulation meets weather prediction. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 85, 1903-1915, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-85-12-1903.
  • Xie, S., M. Zhang, J. S. Boyle, R. T. Cederwall, G. L. Potter, and W. Lin, 2004: Impact of a revised convective triggering mechanism on Community Atmosphere Model, Version 2, simulations: Results from short-range weather forecasts. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D14102, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004692.