LLNL References

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory/University of California at Los Angeles (LLNL/UCLA): References

[1]Arakawa, A., and V.R. Lamb, 1977: Computational design of the basic dynamical processes of the UCLA general circulation model. In Methods in Computational Physics, 17, J. Chang (ed.), Academic Press, New York, 173-265.

[2]Arakawa, A., 1972: Design of the UCLA general circulation model. Tech. Report No. 7, Department of Meteorology, University of California, Los Angeles, 116 pp.

[3]Arakawa, A., and V.R. Lamb, 1981: A potential enstrophy and energy conserving scheme for the shallow water equations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 18-36.

[4]Arakawa, A., and W.H. Schubert, 1974: Interaction of a cumulus cloud ensemble with the large scale environment, Part I. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 674-701.

[5]Arakawa, A., and M.J. Suarez, 1983: Vertical differencing of the primitive equations in sigma coordinates. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 34-45.

[6]Lord, S.J., 1978: Development and observational verification of a cumulus cloud parameterization. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 339 pp.

[7]Lord, S.J., and A. Arakawa, 1980: Interaction of a cumulus cloud ensemble with the large-scale environment. Part II. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 2677-2692.

[8]Lord, S.J., W.C. Chao, and A. Arakawa, 1982: Interaction of a cumulus cloud ensemble with the large-scale environment. Part IV: The discrete model. J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 104-113.

[9]Randall, D.A., J.A. Abeles, and T.G. Corsetti, 1985: Seasonal simulations of the planetary boundary layer and boundary-layer stratocumulus clouds with a general circulation model. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 641-676.

[10]Suarez, M. J., A. Arakawa, and D.A. Randall, 1983: Parameterization of the planetary boundary layer in the UCLA general circulation model: Formulation and results. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 2224-2243.

[11]Takano, K., and M.G. Wurtele, 1982: A fourth-order energy and potential enstrophy conserving difference scheme. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Report, AFGL-TR-82-0205, Hanscom Air Force Base, Bedford, MA, 85 pp.

[12]Tokioka, T.A., 1978: Some considerations on vertical differencing. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 56, 98-111.

[13]Mintz, Y., and Y. Serafini, 1981: Global fields of soil moisture and land-surface evapotranspiration. NASA Tech. Memo. 83907, Research Review--1980/81, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 178-180.

[14]Smagorinsky, J., 1963: General circulation experiments with the primitive equations. I. The basic experiment. Mon. Wea. Rev., 91, 99-164.

[15]Palmer, T.N., G.J. Shutts, R. Swinbank, 1986: Alleviation of a systematic westerly bias in general circulation and numerical weather prediction models through an orographic gravity wave drag parameterization. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 112, 1001-1039.

[16]Joseph, D., 1980: Navy 10' global elevation values. National Center for Atmospheric Research notes on the FNWC terrain data set, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, 3 pp.

[17]Schlesinger, M.E., 1976: A numerical simulation of the general circulation of atmospheric ozone. Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, 376 pp.

[18]Schlesinger, M.E., and Y. Mintz, 1979: Numerical simulation of ozone production, transport and distribution with a global atmospheric general circulation model. J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 1325-1361.

[19]Katayama, A., 1972: A simplified scheme for computing radiative transfer in the troposphere. Tech. Report No. 6, Department of Meteorology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 77 pp.

[20]Joseph, J.H., 1970: On the solar radiation fluxes in the troposphere. Solar Energy, 13, 251-261.

[21]Yamamoto, G., 1962: Direct absorption of solar radiation by atmospheric water vapor, carbon dioxide, and molecular oxygen. J. Atmos. Sci., 19, 182-188.

[22]Elsasser, W.M., 1960: Atmospheric radiation tables. In Meteorological Monographs, 4, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, 43 pp.

[23]Coulson, K.L., 1959: Radiative flux from the top of a Rayleigh atmosphere. Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Meteorology, University of California, Los Angeles, 176 pp.

[24]Rodgers, C.D., 1967: The radiative heat budget of the troposphere and lower stratosphere. Report No. 2, Department of Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 99 pp.

[25]Lacis, A.A., and J. E. Hansen, 1974: A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 118-133.

[26]Harshvardhan, R. Davies, D.A. Randall, and T.G. Corsetti, 1987: A fast radiation parameterization for general circulation models. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 1009-1016.

[27]Chou, M.-D., 1984: Broadband water vapor transmission functions for atmospheric IR flux computation. J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1775-1778.

[28]Chou, M.-D, and L. Peng, 1983: A parameterization of the absorption in 15-micron CO2 spectral region with application to climate sensitivity studies. J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2183-2192.

[29]Rodgers, C.D., 1968: Some extension and applications of the new random model for molecular band transmission. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 94, 99-102.

[30]Roberts, R.E., J.A. Selby, and L.M. Biberman, 1976: Infrared continuum absorption by atmospheric water vapor in the 8-12 micron window. Appl. Optics, 15, 2085-2090.

[31]Randall, D.A., 1980: Conditional instability of the first kind upside-down. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 125-130.

[32]Dorman, J.L., and P.J. Sellers, 1989: A global climatology of albedo, roughness length and stomatal resistance for atmospheric general circulation models as represented by the Simple Biosphere model (SiB). J. Appl. Meteor., 28, 833-855.

[33]Deardorff, J.W., 1972: Parameterization of the planetary boundary layer for use in general circulation models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 100, 93-106.

[34]Wehner, M.F., A.A. Mirin, P.G. Eltgroth, W.P. Dannevik, C.R. Mechoso, J.D. Farrara, and J.A. Spahr, 1995: Performance of a distributed memory finite difference atmospheric general circulation model.Parallel Computing, 21, 1655-1675.

[35]Mirin, A.A., and M.F. Wehner, 1995: Climate system modeling on high-performance computing systems, with an application to modeling the atmosphere. Buffer (a publication of the National Energy Research Supercomputer Center), 20, 1-5.

[36]Wehner, M.F., A.J. Bourgeois, P.G. Eltgroth, P.B. Duffy, and W.P. Dannevik, 1994: Parallel coupled oceanic-atmospheric general circulation model. Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Use of Parallel Computers in Meteorology, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting, Reading, England, 512-522.

[37]Wehner, M.F., and C. Covey, 1995: Description and validation of the LLNL/UCLA parallel atmospheric GCM. Technical Report UCRL-ID-123223, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 21 pp.

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Last update July 2, 1996. For further information, contact: Tom Phillips ( phillips@tworks.llnl.gov )

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