GISS References

Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS): References

[1]Hansen, J., G. Russell, D. Rind, P. Stone, A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. Reudy, and L. Travis, 1983: Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 609-662. (Abstract)

[2]Del Genio, A.D., and M.S. Yao, 1988: Sensitivity of a global climate model to the specification of convective updraft and downdraft mass fluxes. J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2641-2668. (Abstract)

[3]Yao, M.S., and A.D. Del Genio., 1989: Effects of cumulus entrainment and multiple cloud types on a January global climate model simulation. J. Climate, 2, 850-863. (Abstract)

[4]Del Genio, A.D., M.-S. Yao, and C.E. Wendell, 1993: GCM feedback sensitivity to interactive cloud water budget parameterizations. Preprints of the Fourth Symposium on Global Change Studies, American Meteorological Society, Anaheim, CA, 176-181.

[5]Abramopoulos, F., C. Rosenzweig, and B. Choudhury, 1988: Improved ground hydrology calculations for global climate models (GCMs): Soil water movement and evapotranspiration. J. Climate, 1, 921-941. (Abstract)

[6]Arakawa, A., 1972: Design of the UCLA general circulation model. Tech. Report No. 7, Department of Meteorology, University of California, Los Angeles, 116 pp.

[7]Shapiro, R., 1970: Smoothing, filtering and boundary effects. Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 8, 359-387.

[8]London, J., R.D. Bojkov, S. Oltmans and J.I. Kelley, 1976: Atlas of the global distribution of total ozone, July 1957-June 1967. NCAR Tech. Note 113+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO.

[9]Lacis, A.A., and J. E. Hansen, 1974: A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 118-133. (Abstract)

[10]McClatchey, R.A., W.S. Benedict, S.A. Clough, D.E. Burch, R.F. Calfee, K. Fox, L.S. Rothman, and J.S. Garing, 1973: AFCRL atmospheric absorption line parameters compilation. Env. Res. Paper No. 434, Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Hanscom Air Force Base, Bedford, MA, 78 pp.

[11]Rothman, L.S., 1981: AFGL atmospheric absorption line parameters compilation: 1980 version. Appl. Optics, 20, 791-795.

[12]Toon, O.B., and J.B. Pollack, 1976: A global average model of atmospheric aerosols for radiative transfer and calculations. J. Appl. Meteor., 15, 225-246.

[13]Squires, P., 1958: The microstructure and colloidal stability of warm clouds, Part I: The relation between structure an stability. Tellus, 10, 256-262.

[14]Hansen, J., and J.B. Pollack, 1970: Near-infrared light scattering by terrestrial clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 265-281.

[15]Sassen, K., and G.C. Dodd, 1989: Haze particle nucleation simulations in cirrus cloud and applications for numerical and lidar studies. J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3005-3014.

[16]National Geophysical Data Center, 1988: Digital relief of the surface of the Earth (ETOP05). Data Announcement 88-MGG-02, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

[17]Matthews, E., 1983: Global vegetation and land use: New high-resolution data bases for climate studies. J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 22, 474-487. (Abstract)

[18]Matthews, E., 1984: Vegetation, land-use, and seasonal albedo data sets: Documentation of archived data tape. NASA Tech. Memo. 86107, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 20 pp.

[19]Fiedler, F., and M.A. Panofsky, 1972: The geostrophic drag coefficient and the "effective" roughness length. Quart J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 98, 212-220.

[20]Monteith, J.L., 1973: Principles of Environmental Physics, Edward Arnold Publishers, 236 pages.

[21]Doronin, Yu. P., 1969: Thermal interaction of the atmosphere and the hydrosphere in the Arctic. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 244 pp. [NTIS N71-15668].

[22]Cox, C., and W. Munk, 1956: Slopes of the sea surface deduced from photographs of the sun glitter. Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanog., 6, 401-488.

[23]Hovis, W.A., and W.R. Callahan, 1966: Infrared reflectance spectra of igneous rocks, tuffs, and red sandstone from 0.5 to 22 microns. J. Optic. Soc. Amer., 56, 639-643.

[24]Wiscombe, W.J., and S.G. Warren, 1980: A model for the spectral albedo of snow, I: Pure snow. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 2712-2733.

[25]Penman, H.L., 1948: Natural evaporation from open water, bare soil, and grass. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, A193, 120-145.

[26]Monteith, J.L., 1981: Evaporation and surface temperature, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 107, 1-27.

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