CCC footnotes

Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (CCC): References

[1]McFarlane, N.A., G.J. Boer, J.-P. Blanchet, and M. Lazare, 1992: The Canadian Climate Centre second-generation general circulation model and its equilibrium climate. J. Climate, 5, 1013-1044.

[2]Boer, G.J., N.A. McFarlane, and M. Lazare, 1992: Greenhouse gas-induced climate change simulated with the CCC second-generation general circulation model. J. Climate, 5, 1045-1077.

[3]Boer, G.J., N.A. McFarlane, R. Laprise, J.D. Henderson, and J.-P Blanchet, 1984a: The Canadian Climate Centre spectral atmospheric general circulation model. Atmos.-Ocean, 22, 397-429.

[4]Boer, G.J., N.A. McFarlane, and R. Laprise, 1984b: The climatology of the Canadian Climate Centre general circulation model as obtained from a five-year simulation. Atmos.-Ocean, 22, 430-473.

[5]Laprise, R., and C. Girard, 1990: A spectral general circulation model using a piecewise-constant finite-element representation on a hybrid vertical coordinate system. J. Climate, 3, 32-52.

[6]Asselin, R., 1972: Frequency filter for time integrations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 100, 487-490.

[7]McFarlane, N.A., 1987: The effect of orographically excited gravity-wave drag on the circulation of the lower stratosphere and troposphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1775-1800.

[8]Wilcox, R.W., and A.D. Belmont, 1977: Ozone concentration by latitude, altitude, and month near 80 degrees West. Report No. FAA-AEQ-77-13, FAA Office of Environmental Quality, High Altitude Pollution Program, U.S. Department of Transportation,Washington, D.C., 41 pp.

[9]Fouquart, Y., and B. Bonnel, 1980: Computation of solar heating of the Earth's atmosphere: A new parameterization. Beitr. Phys. Atmos., 53, 35-62.

[10]Joseph, J.H., W.J. Wiscombe, and J.A. Weinman, 1976: The delta-Eddington approximation for radiative flux transfer. J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 2452-2459.

[11]Rothman, L.S., 1981: AFGL atmospheric absorption line parameters compilation: 1980 version. Appl. Opt., 20, 791-795.

[12]Betts, A.K., and Harshvardhan, 1987: Thermodynamic constraint on the cloud liquid water feedback in climate models. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 8483-8485.

[13]Heymsfield, A.J., 1977: Precipitation development in stratiform ice clouds: A microphysical and dynamical study. J. Atmos. Sci., 34, 367-381.

[14]Morcrette, J.-J., 1984: Sur la parameterisation du rayonnement dans les modeles de la circulation generale atmospherique. Ph.D. Thesis, l'Universite des Sciences et Techniques de Lille, 373 pp.

[15]Morcrette, J.-J., 1990: Impact of changes to the radiation transfer parameterizations plus cloud optical properties in the ECMWF model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 847-873.

[16]Morcrette, J.-J., 1991: Radiation and cloud radiative properties in the ECMWF operational weather forecast model. J. Geophys. Res., 96, 9121-9132.

[17]Clough, S.A., F.X. Kneizys, R. Davies, R. Gemache, and R. Tipping, 1980: Theoretical line shape for H2O vapor: Application to continuum. In Atmospheric Water Vapor, T.D. Wilkerson and L.H. Ruhnke (eds.), Academic Press, New York, 695 pp.

[18]Platt, C.M.R., and Harshvardhan, 1988: Temperature dependence of cirrus extinction: Implications for climate feedback. J. Geophys. Res., 93, 11051-11058.

[19]Washington, W.M., and D.L. Williamson, 1977: A description of the NCAR GCM. In Methods in Computational Physics, 17, J. Chang (ed.), Academic Press, New York, 111-172.

[20]Wilson, M.F., and A. Henderson-Sellers, 1985: Cover and soils data sets for use in general circulation models. Int. J. Climatology, 5, 119-143.

[21]Cressman, G.P., 1960: Improved terrain effects in barotropic forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 88, 327-342.

[22]Smith, S.D., 1980: Wind stress and heat flux over the ocean in gale force winds. J. Phys. Oceanog., 10, 709-726.

[23]Deardorff, J.W., 1978: Efficient prediction of ground surface temperature and moisture, with inclusion of a layer of vegetation. J. Geophys. Res., 83, 1889-1903.

[24]Leith, C.E., 1971: Atmospheric predictability and two-dimensional turbulence. J. Atmos. Sci., 28, 145-161.

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