Model MRI1: Elaborations


Model MRI1 is an entry in the CMIP1 intercomparison only.


The procedure for spinup/initialization to the simulation starting point of the MRI coupled model is as follows (reference: Tokioka et al. 1996):

Land Surface Processes

Sea Ice


Katayama, A., 1978: Parameterization of the planetary boundary layer in atmospheric general circulation models. Kisyo Kenkyu Note No. 134, Meteorological Society of Japan, 153-200 (in Japanese).

Kitoh, A., K. Yamazaki, and T. Tokioka, 1988: Influence of soil moisture and surface albedo changes over the African tropical rain forest on summer climate investigated with the MRI GCM-I. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 66, 65-86.

Levitus, S., 1982: Climatological atlas of the world's oceans. NOAA Professional Paper 13, 173 pp.

Mellor, G.L. and L. Kantha, 1989: An ice-ocean coupled model. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 10,937-10,954.

Semtner, A.J., 1976: A model for the thermodynamic growth of sea ice in numerical investigations of climate.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 6, 379-389.

Tokioka, T., A. Noda, A. Kitoh, Y. Nikaidou, S. Nakagawa, T. Motoi, S. Yukimoto, and K. Takata, 1996: A transient CO2 experiment with the MRI CGCM: Annual Mean Response.  CGER Supercomputer Monograph Report Vol. 2, CGER-I022-'96, Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Environment Agency of Japan, ISSN 1341-4356, 86 pp.

Walter, Y. (ed.), 1957: Encyclopedia Britanica World Atlas. Encyclopedia Britanica, Inc.


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Last update 15 May, 2002.  This page is maintained by Tom Phillips (

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