Model ECHAM3+LSG: Elaborations

Note: The ECHAM3 + LSG model was sponsored by the Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum (DKRZ).


Model ECHAM3+LSG is an entry in both the CMIP1 and CMIP2 intercomparisons.


The spinup/initialization procedure for the CMIP I intercomparison experiment was as follows (personal communication U. Cubasch):

Land Surface Processes

 Sea Ice


Bauer, H., E. Heise, J. Pfaendtner, and V. Renner, 1985: Development of an economical soil model for climate simulation. In Current Issues in Climate Research (Proceedings of the EC Climatology Programme Symposium, held 2-5 Oct. 1984, in Sophia Antipolis, France), A. Ghazi and R. Fantechi (eds.), D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 219-226.

Cubasch, U., K. Hasselmann, H. Hock, E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, B.D. Santer, and R. Sausen, 1992:    Time-dependent greenhouse warming computations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere model.  Climate Dynamics, 10, 55-69.

Dümenil, L., and E. Todini, 1992: A rainfall-runoff scheme for use in the Hamburg climate model. In Advances in Theoretical Hydrology: A Tribute to James Dooge, J.P. O'Kane (ed.), European Geophysical Society Series on Hydrological Sciences, Vol. 1, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam, 129-157.

Hellerman, S., and M. Rosenstein, 1983: Normal monthly wind stress over the world ocean with error estimates. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1093-1104.

Levitus, S., 1982: Climatological atlas of the world's oceans. NOAA Professional Paper 13, 173 pp.

Manabe, S., 1969: Climate and ocean circulation. 1. The atmospheric circulation and the hydrology of the Earth's surface. Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 739-774.

Sausen, R., K. Barthels, and K. Hasselmann, 1988: Coupled ocean-atmosphere models with flux correction. Climate Dyn., 2, 154-163

Sausen, R., S. Schubert, and L. Dümenil, 1994: A model of the river runoff for use in coupled atmosphere-ocean models. J. Hydrology, 155, 337-352.

Warrilow, D.A., A.B. Sangster, and A. Slingo, 1986: Modelling of land surface processes and their influence on European climate. DCTN 38, Dynamical Climatology Branch, United Kingdom Meteorological Office, Bracknell, Berkshire RG12 2SZ, UK.

Woodruff, S., R.J. Slutz, R.L. Jenne, and P. Steurer, 1987: A comprehensive ocean-atmosphere dataset. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 68, 1239-1250.


CMIP Documentation Directory

Last update 15 May, 2002.  This page is maintained by Tom Phillips (

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