As an alternative to the AMIP model formulation, the atmospheric equations are expressed as perturbations from the state of a reference atmosphere in order to reduce truncation errors near mountains (cf. Zeng 1979).
England, M.H., 1993: Representing the global-scale water masses in ocean circulation models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 1523-1552.
Esbensen, S.K., and Y. Kushnir, 1981: Heat budget of the global ocean: Estimates from surface marine observations. Report No. 29, Climate Research Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 271 pp.
Haney, R.L., 1971: Surface thermal boundary condition for ocean circulation models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 1, 241-248.
Hellerman, S., and M. Rosenstein, 1983: Normal monthly wind stress over the world ocean with error estimates. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1093-1104.
Levitus, S., 1982: Climatological atlas of the world's oceans. NOAA Professional Paper 13, 173 pp.
Liu, H., X.-Z. Jin, X.-H. Zhang, and G.-X. Wu, 1996: A coupling experiment of an atmosphere and an ocean model with a monthly anomaly exchange scheme. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 13, 133-146.
Liu, H., and G.-X. Wu 1997: Impacts of land surface on July mean climate and onset of the monsoon: A study with an AGCM plus SSiB. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 14, No. 3, 289-308.
Liu, H., X.-H. Zhang, and G.-X. Wu, 1998: Cloud feedback on SST variability in the Western Equatorial Pacific in a CGCM. Adv. Atmos. Sci. (in press).
Parkinson, C.L. and W.M. Washington, 1979: A large-scale numerical model of sea ice. J. Geophys. Res., 84, 311-337.
Sellers, P.J., Y. Mintz, Y.C. Sud, and A. Dalcher, 1986: A simple biosphere model (SiB) for use within general circulation models. J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 505-531.
Semtner, A.J., 1976: A model for the thermodynamic growth of sea ice in numerical investigations of climate. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 6, 379-389.
Shi, G.-Y., 1981: An accurate calculation and representation of the infrared transmission function of the atmospheric constituents. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Atmospheric Science, Tohoku University of Japan, 191 pp.
Wang, B., 1996: On the radiation transfer models for climate simulation. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Atmospheric Physics/Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 92 pp. (in Chinese).
Wu, G.-X., L. Hui, Y.-C. Zhao, and W.-P. Li, 1996: A nine-layer atmospheric general circulation model and its performance. Advances in the Atmospheric Sciences, 13, 1-18.
Xue, Y.-K., P.J. Sellers, J.L. Kinter II, and J. Shukla, 1991: A simplified biosphere model for global climate studies. J. Climate, 4, 345-364.
Yu, Y.-Q., 1997: Design of a sea-air-ice coupling scheme and a study of numerical simulation of interdecadal oscillation of climate. Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 130 pp. (in Chinese).
Yu, Y.-Q., and X.-H. Zhang, 1997: A modified sea-air-sea ice coupling scheme. To appear in Chinese Bulletin (in Chinese).
Zeng, Q.-C., 1979: Physical and Mathematical Basis of Numerical Weather Prediction. Science Press, Beijing, 543 pp. (in Chinese).
Zhang, X.-H., N. Bao, R.-C. Yu, and W.-Q. Wang, 1992: Coupling scheme experiments based on an atmospheric and an oceanic GCM. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 16(2), 129-144.
Zhang, X.-H., K.-M. Chen, Z.-Z. Jin,
W.-Y. Lin, and Y.-Q. Yu, 1996: Simulation of thermohaline circulation
a twenty-layer oceanic general circulation model. Theoretical and
Climatology, 55, 65-88.
CMIP Documentation Directory
Last update 15 May, 2002. This page is maintained by Tom