Model GISS (Miller): Elaborations



Model GISS (Miller) is an entry in the CMIP1 intercomparison only.


The procedure for spinup/initialization to the simulation starting point of the coupled model is as follows (cf. Miller and Jiang 1996):

Land Surface Processes

Sea Ice

Chief Differences from Closest AMIP Model

The atmospheric component of the GISS (Miller) coupled model (internal designation: Model B122AM9) differs from AMIP model GISS Model II Prime (4x5, L9) 1994 (internal designation: Model B150AM9) mainly in the following respects:


Abramopoulos, F., C. Rosenzweig, and B. Choudhury, 1988: Improved ground hydrology calculations for global climate models (GCMs): Soil water movement and evapotranspiration. J. Climate, 1, 921-941. (Abstract)

Hansen, J., G. Russell, D. Rind, P. Stone, A, Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, and L. Travis, 1983: Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 609-662.

Matthews, E., 1983: Global vegetation and land use: New high-resolution data bases for climate studies. J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 22, 474-487. (Abstract)

Matthews, E., 1984: Vegetation, land-use, and seasonal albedo data sets: Documentation of archived data tape. NASA Tech. Memo. 86107, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 20 pp.

Miller, R.L., and X. Jiang, 1996: Surface energy fluxes and coupled variability in the Tropics of a coupled General Circulation Model.  J. Climate, 9, 1599-1620


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Last update 15 May, 2002.  This page is maintained by Tom Phillips (

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