Model COLA 1: Elaborations


Model COLA1 is an entry in the CMIP1 intercomparison only.


The procedure for spinup/initialization of the COLA coupled model was a follows (reference: E. Schneider, personal communication):

Land Surface Processes

Sea Ice


Bryan, K., and L. Lewis, 1979: A water mass model of the world ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 84, 2503-2517.

Deardorff, J.W., 1978: Efficient prediction of ground surface temperature and moisture, with inclusion of a layer of vegetation. J. Geophys. Res., 83, 1889-1903.

Levitus, S., 1982: Climatological atlas of the world's oceans. NOAA Professional Paper 13, 173 pp.

Schneider, E.K., Z. Zhu, B.S. Giese, B. Huang, B.P. Kirtman, J. Shukla, and J.A. Carton, 1997: Annual cycle and ENSO in a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 680-702.

Schneider, E. K., and Z. Zhu, 1998: Sensitivity of the simulated annual cycle of sea surface temperature in the equatorial Pacific to sunlight penetration. J. Climate, 11, 1932-1950.

Sellers, P.J., Y. Mintz, Y.C. Sud, and A. Dalcher, 1986: A simple biosphere model (SiB) for use within general circulation models. J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 505-531.

Xue, Y.-K., P.J. Sellers, J.L. Kinter II, and J. Shukla, 1991: A simplified biosphere model for global climate studies. J. Climate, 4, 345-364.


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Last update 15 May, 2002.  This page is maintained by Tom Phillips (

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